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Country Facts

Philippines

Map of Philippines


Geography

 

Location: The nation's 7,100 islands lie astride vital sea-lanes linking the western Pacific to the Indian Ocean. Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
Area: slightly larger than Arizona
Total area: 300,000 sq km land area: 298,170 sq km
Climate: tropical marine - hot & humid; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October) Rainfall averages about 100 inches per year.
Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper


People

 

Population: 73,265,584 (July 1995 est.)

  • 0-14 years: 38% (female 13,841,552; male 14,214,234)
  • 15-64 years: 58% (female 21,603,818; male 20,923,307)
  • 65 years and over: 4% (female 1,425,706; male 1,256,967)
  • (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.23% (1995 est.)

Nationality:

  • noun: Filipino(s)
  • adjective: Philippine

Ethnic divisions:

It is difficult to define what a Filipino is. The Filipino belong to a mixture of races, although basically Maly. There is a blend of the East and the West, because of the colonization of the Spaniards and Americans.Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%.

Religions:

Roman Catholic 83%, Protestant 9%, Muslim 5%, Buddhist and other 3%

Languages: Pilipino (official; based on Tagalog), English (official)

Literacy:

  • age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
  • total population: 94% (male: 94% female: 93%)

History:

Ancient Filipinos had a government something like ancient city - states of Greece. Rulers were called "rajahs." They had a calendar, an alphabet and arts and sciences. In 1565, the first successful Spanish settlement was established on Cebu. For 331 years, Filipinos rebelled steadily agaist the Spaniards but with little success. In 1898, Spaniards surrendered Manila to Americans during Spanish-American War. After Spain ceded most of the Philippines to the U.S. under the Treaty of PAris, the Filipino-American war broke out. In 1902, Philippine-American war ended with Philippine surrender of Manila. In 1935, the Constitution of the Philippines, having been approved by the President F.D. Roosevelt, was ratified by the Filipino people on MAy 14th. In 1941, the Philippines were invaded by Japanese forces, which occupied the country for three years. In 1945, Manila was liberated. In 1946, the Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated and the Islands became independent.


Government

 

Names:

  • conventional long form: Republic of the Philippines
  • conventional short form: Philippines
  • local long form: Republika ng Pilipinas
  • local short form: Pilipinas 

Type: republic

Capital: Manila

Independence: 4 July 1946 (from US)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 June (1898) (from Spain)

Constitution: 2 February 1987, effective 11 February 1987

Flag:

two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a white equilateral triangle based on the hoist side; in the center of the triangle is a yellow sun with eight primary rays (each containing three individual rays) and in each corner of the triangle is a small yellow five-pointed star


Economy

 

Overview:

Domestic output in this primarily agricultural economy failed to grow in 1992 and rose only slightly in 1993. Drought and power supply problems hampered production, while inadequate revenues prevented government pump priming. Worker remittances helped to supplement GDP. A marked increase in capital goods imports, particularly power generating equipment, telecommunications equipment, and electronic data processors, contributed to 20% annual import growth in 1992-94. Provided the government can cope with the substantial trade deficit and meet the fiscal targets agreed to with the IMF, the Philippines should duplicate the strong growth performance of 1994 in 1995-96. 

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $161.4 billion (1994 est.)

National product real growth rate: 4.3% (1994 est.)

National product per capita: $2,310 (1994 est.) 

Exports: $13.4 billion (f.o.b., 1994)

  • commodities: electronics, textiles, coconut products, copper, fish
  • partners: US 39%, Japan 16%, Germany 5%, Hong Kong 5%, UK 4% (1993)

Imports: $21.3 billion (f.o.b., 1994)

  • commodities: raw materials 40%, capital goods 25%, petroleum products 10%
  • partners: Japan 23%, US 20%, Taiwan 6%, Singapore 5%, South Korea 5% (1993) 

Industries:

textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics assembly, petroleum refining, fishing

Currency: 1 Philippine peso (P) = 100 centavos

Exchange rates:

Philippine pesos (P) per US$1 - 24.622 (January 1995), 26.417 (1994), 22.120 (1993), 25.512 (1992), 27.479 (1991), 24.311 (1990)


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